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Am. J. Biomed. Sci. 2015, 7(1), 9-14; doi: 10.5099/aj150100009
Received: 9 October 2014; | Revised: 4 January 2015; | Accepted: 5 February 2015

 

Prevalence of Human Malaria Infection in Lal Qilla Pakistan

 

Akbar Hussain1, Tauseef Ahmad*1, Syyed Gauhar Jamal2, Inamullah2

1Department of Microbiology, Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Islamic Republic of Pakistan

2Department of Genetics, Hazara University Mansehra, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Islamic Republic of Pakistan

*Corresponding author

Tauseef Ahmad

Department of Microbiology

Hazara University Mansehra

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Cell: +92-346-9403966

E-mail: Tauseef.ahmad@hu.edu.pk; or hamdardmicrobiologist@gmail.com

            liwei.gao@ncich.com.cn (Liwei Gao)

 

Abstract

Malaria is caused by parasite belongs to genus Plasmodium which contributes high morbidity and mortality worldwide especially in developing countries. This study was conducted in Lal Qilla, District Dir (Lower) Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan to find out the prevalence rate and species distribution of malaria. A descriptive cross sectional study was design. The samples were collected during January 2011 to December 2011 and microscopy was done at Lal Qilla Hospital. A total of 2741 samples population were studies. Our results demonstrate that the prevalence rate was reported 10.29%. The males are more infected with malaria as compare to females 62.77% and 37.23% respectively. Out of total positive cases 98.94% were Plasmodium vivax and 1.06% was Plasmodium falciparum. High cases of malaria infection were reported in the month of September 19.03% while low cases were reported in March 3.12%. Conclusion of the current study was, the males are more infected rather than females and malaria infection was high in September. On the other hand Plasmodium vivax is the common species reported in Lal Qilla. For the statistical analysis of the data PHStat2 version 2.5 were used and the p-value less than 0.05 consider as significant.

Keywords: Malaria, Morbidity, Mortality, Descriptive cross sectional study, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium falciparum, Lal Qilla.

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